Pepper plants are what most gardeners grow in their gardens because they are easy to cultivate and require minimal care. Secondly, you can easily use them to spice up or in preparing different types of meals. But do you also think that all the spice and sweet pepper plants would deter insects and animals? But let me tell you that this is not the case here.
Like snails and caterpillars, many garden pests are preferred to feed such plants due to their attracting aromatic leaves and inviting flavors, which eventually plague your pepper plants. In this article, you will get information about how your pepper plants are being infested.
In this article:
How to find that something is eating your pepper plant?
There are so many signs which show that something wrong is going on with your plant. The only indication is “holes” if you find holes in your plant leaves. Then remember that it is eaten by an unwelcome creature all night. Luckily we can easily find out which pest is eating your plant with the help of their chewing pattern, which is a telltale sign of a pest.
Pests that eat plants
These are a few pepper plant bugs that some of the time cause severe damage to the plants, and we should all need to know about them:
A caterpillar mainly attacks the leaves of the plant. In the case of pepper plants, a group of caterpillars can destroy the whole plant overnight.
If you see large visible holes, crushed flowers and leaves, and scarring on the surface of your pepper, you must look for this bug.
Have you seen any tiny red little bugs?
That’s red spider mites; these spider mites usually attack the plant leaves and not the vegetation. Suppose you notice any strange thing happening on the undersides of the leaves like dust layer or webs.
In that case, you should check for spider mites. Because the layer of dust is a congregation of these pests, which are also called spider mites calling cards. The webbing is done only by them.
Pepper weevils are small, rigid body insects that prefer to feed at night and feed on all plant parts. To eat pepper plant leaves, they use their long proboscis, and both adults and larvae eat plant leaves, but it is seen that larvae cause the most damage to the hot pepper plant.
It is another tiny little insect that is hard to see, but it still causes a lot of damage to the plant.
They cause damage by chewing pepper flowers and leaves. The signs for identification of thrips are noticeable scarring and wrinkling on your plants.
Slugs also feed on pepper plants’ leaves and cause damage to them. You can spot the damage from the trail which slugs leave.
Another most dangerous thing to your pepper is whiteflies. Whiteflies suck the sap out of the plant, and they leave a sticky honeydew substance behind.
You can quickly identify if you have a white flies invasion or not in your garden; shake your plant a little. If you notice tiny whiteflies in the air, it means they have invaded your garden.
Aphids are also somewhat similar to whiteflies. They cause severe damage to the plant, and they do this by sucking the fluids out of the plant. Identification for aphids attack is if you see a sticky substance (honeydew) on the plant.
It means aphids have sucked out all the sugars. We have to immediately look for it because it tends to cause much damage, and they multiply quickly.
Pepper hornworms are moth larvae. They are difficult to find as they hide during the daytime under plant leaves or any other area of the plant and come out in the nighttime to eat pepper plants.
What is exactly eating my pepper plant?
As mentioned above, few pests cause damage to the pepper plant. Still, the most common and highlighted ones are pepper hornworms and caterpillars. So the answer to the question “what’s eating my pepper plant at night” is either caterpillars or pepper hornworms. If the damage is in greater quantity than it is most likely to be done by caterpillars, and if the damage is not that worst, then pepper hornworms do it.
Also, Read This: How to make peppers grow faster?
How do remove the pests from the plant?
If bugs are eating your pepper plant, remove these bugs and other insects so many insecticides and pesticides you can use. For that case, there are a few methods that you can use to remove insects, pests, and big animals also, i.e., rabbits and deer. Still, their daily usage makes them insect resistant and makes your peppers uneatable. And these remedies are all organic ones, so it’s saving the environment also.
- Handpicked: Handpicking is a technique you can handpick the pepper plant pests, slugs, caterpillars, and snails. You can easily do this task at night time when they are active.
- Bacteria and fungi: bacteria and fungi which are not beneficial for the plant make colonies and cause harm to the plant. In this technique, if you use pots to grow plants, you have to introduce sound and beneficial bacteria bacillus thuriengensis and mycorrhizal fungi to your sterile soil to avoid the colonization of harmful bacteria.
- Water hose: for removing pests like whiteflies, mites, and aphids from mature pepper plants, you should use the hosting technique. Spray the water around the pepper plant’s leaves, and remember not to overwater the plant, or it will dislodge the leaves and the pods.
- Soapy water: you can quickly neutralize many pests and insects by spraying soapy water onto the leaves and branches of a pepper plant.
- Sticky traps: placing sticky traps on the bottom of your plants prevents the climbing of pests and insects, which eventually reduces the number of pests on the plant.
- Neem oil: Neem oil is also very effective in killing and removing pests from the plant.
- Beneficial insects: another excellent technique is introducing the pests to their natural enemies; introducing aphids to lacewings, ladybirds, and parasitic wasps can quickly remove the pest aphids because these natural pests feed on the aphids.
The answer to “what eats my pepper plants at night” is pepper hornworms and caterpillars. But other pests are also there that destroy your pepper plant; you have to look for them to save your pepper plant. All the above-mentioned organic strategies help control and remove pests from your plant, so do try that out.