Hydroponic Culture | How To Grow Plants

Hydroponic is the preparation of growing plants using only water, nutrients, and a developing medium. Hydroponics comes from the roots “hydro”, meaning water, and “ponos”, meaning work; in this method, propagation does not entail the soil. For hydroponic plants, gardeners using an emergent medium like coconut coir, vermiculite, perlite, and more.

What is Hydroponic Farming System?

Hydroponic is a type of horticulture and a subdivision of hydro-culture that includes developing foliage usually crops like (olericulture, floriculture, and pomology) without adding soil but by using organic nutrients. In this system, crops created straight in nutrient-rich, oxygenated water avoiding the ground, solution for plants production considered oxygen soaking by an air inflates united with porous stones. This system is called a hydroponic farming system, in which plants grow much faster due to the high amount of oxygen that the roots take.

hydroponic Plants
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Types of hydroponic systems

  • Wick Hydroponic Systems
  • Deep Water Culture (DWC) System
  • Ebb and Flow ( Flow and Drain) System
  • Aeroponics System
  • Drip Hydroponic Systems

Aeroponic system

The aeroponic technique is the most high-tech type of hydroponic gardening in which plants grow in the air, and with the misting of water, just no soil is needed, even no standing water required for this technique. In this system, the developing medium is mainly air, roots hang in the air and are mist up with the nutrient solution, and roots will dry out quickly if the misting cycles are disturbed.

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How Hydroponic Technique Works?

There are different types of hydroponic systems and techniques for the growth and development of hydroponic plants and various crops. The best approach is (DWC), in which the foliage cultivate with roots sunken straight in nutrient-filled water. Suppose you use the DWC technique in your home garden. Then you need enormous, opaque storing buckets. But for marketable growers, they consume rafts that hover on a maximum amount of water; that can do effort like a conveyor belt with fresh plants added on one way, they will transport until it becomes prepared for harvesting at the other sideways.

Advantages of Hydroponic Farming System

  • No need for mulching, tilling, changing of soil and weeding
  • You’ll use twenty% less space for growing
  • The environment for plants should be sterile, having no pesticides
  • Harvesting is easier
  • You can grow indoor easily
  • The water can be used again, conserve water

Disadvantages of Hydroponic Farming System

  • A hydroponic system isn’t cheap
  • Technical expertise required for the hydroponic system
  • Regular checking is needed
  • Production is low as compared to soil
  • Microorganisms attach easily

What do you need for Hydroponic Farming System?

  • Freshwater
  • Oxygen
  • Root support
  • Nutrients
  • Light

Why growing plants without soil?

Hydroponics allows us to grow anywhere, any time of the year, and the main thing skipping soil for the growth and development of plants. Another benefit of skipping soil is that earth is heavy, but water is not so that we can grow hydroponic plants anywhere on the rooftop, in our kitchen, like mint and coriander for daily use. You can grow daily vegetables on your rooftop area after using all techniques properly, like a green net to avoid extra heat and sunlight, fertigation, and all required nutrients for growth.

Hydroponic on rooftop

Most people do hydroponics on the rooftop for organic vegetable gardening, and some people arranged a beautiful garden on a rooftop with no place in their grounds or backyard. You can tell those people a plant lover who can find the way and place by themselves to meet their necessities and desires of planation and profit from home gardening.

Hydroponic organic vegetables

Natural vegetables using only organic fertilizers, home care, sterile environment, and proper care and management at the home garden are called organic vegetables. You can enjoy fresh and crispy anytime you want. You can grow your hydroponic organic vegetable wherever you want. Some vegetables that you can quickly grow in your kitchen area near the window to get fresh air and sunlight are given below;

  • Garlic chives
  • Spring onions
  • Mint
  • Parsley
  • Lettuce
  • Celery
  • Kale
  • Sage

We can grow all these herbs quickly in water indoor in our kitchen with regular nutrient addition, proper sunlight, air, and a sterile environment for crunchy, crispy, and fresh food at home.

  1. Hydroponic houseplants
  2. Philodendron
  3. Money tree
  4. Peace lily
  5. Spider plant
  6. English ivy
  7. Geranium
  8. Lucky bamboo
  9. Coleus
  10. Wandering Jew
  11. Chinese evergreen
  12. Pothos
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The easiest way to create deep water culture hydroponic system at your home

Constituents

  • Storage container
  • Disposable tubs
  • Air inflate with air stone
  • Firm water liquefied nutrient (A and B)
  • pH level should be down
  • pH meter for measuring
  • Determining glass
  • Cylinders
  • Hole saw with bower
  • Borer for drilling

Procedure

  • First, you have to find a suitable container for the system, and buckets work better the more profound the water reservoir. pH and nutrient concentration should be stable, top up the water more regularly and use the deeper container for growing leafy greens.
  • Drill holes into the container’s lid for roots to rise through; plants will grow in net vessels with adequate holes for roots to develop.
  • Assemble your air pump outside the reservoir, ensure that the pump doesn’t suck water back up and preserve the pump beyond the water level. Fix the air stone and check valve with the extent of plumbing also check valve to the air pump in the similar way.
  • Fill the tank, surge nutrients and normalize the pH level from 6.5-7.5. Most vegetables and herbs need a slight acidic nutrient solution. Wear gloves while controlling pH down and evoke to mix the liquid properly after application.
  • Adding a plant is simple. You can use Rockwool plugs or hydroton clay pellets. Accumulate the process, first put the air inflate and place air pebble in the reservoir, closure on top, all done.
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Hydroponic plant care

  • Keep an eye on pH level must be maintained every time
  • Sanitize the tank and exchange it with garden-fresh water after each 14-21 days.
  • Ensure the water level does not fall too much. Water has adequate interaction with roots, so they should raise fine.
  • If there is no way of propagating young seedlings, scatter the seeds to sprout in the system.
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Major tips

If you are doing hydroponic technique the first time, try the DWC system because it needs little maintenance and cares just sufficient light, indoors and outdoors. You can make a hydroponic system from simple things at home, an old storage container or bucket, make holes, or put a lid with holes and a polystyrene packaging sheet for plants to grow.

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