How to Grow Tomato Plant?

Tomato plant belongs to Solanaceae family, originated in Western South America, planted in March-April and harvested in late summers. Some of the tomato varieties are determinate and indeterminate.

They also fight against biotic and abiotic stresses. Plants are branched, trailed at the fruiting time, and leaves are pinnate. Proper fertilizer, irrigation, and pruning are required for the growth, development, and fruit setting of well-drained soil. Different cultivars of tomatoes are growing worldwide, but cherry tomatoes are better in taste and flavor.

Tomato plant needs staking or cages for the vines to stand at fruit set. Grown in pots and also in raised beds, adequate sunlight is necessary. Some insects, pests, and diseases attack plant-like fusarium wilt, blossom end, and tomato hornworms. Harvest the tomato fruits before the entire ripening stage at proper size development and green color establishment.

Best suitable variety to grow?

Cherry tomato

Green Zebra

Black Krim

Celebrity

Amish Paste

Crimson crush

Tomato Plant Features

Technical nameLycopersicum esculentum
Common nameTomato
FamilySolanaceae
Planting timeMarch-April
Harvesting timeLate summer (mature green stage)
Climate15℃-32℃
pH6.0 and 6.8
SoilWell-drained, loam, and sandy loam
Plant spacing24-36 inches (depends on variety)
Plant typeDeterminate and indeterminate
Harvesting  timeNot fully ripe, green color
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How to plant Tomato seeds?

Suppose you want to plant tomatoes from seeds. It would be best to have you need fresh tomatoes from the planting store, the desired variety according to the climate. First, eradicate the sources from a ripe tomato (fresh, healthy, and not stored) and soak them for 14 days in tepid or lukewarm water. Next, you have must dry the seeds on a paper towel or tissue paper and then sow them in a pot or bed within seven days.

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How to plant tomatoes in a pot?

Choose the desired variety (well and strong) take the seeds from the tomato with the help of a sharp knife, as discussed in the above paragraph. Use well-drained soil, choose a fabric pot over the plastic pot and sow seeds. Water carefully and steadily

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How to grow an indoor Tomato plant?

The exact process for the growth of tomato plants is that first, you have to sow seeds in a small pot and wait for the seeds to sprout for transplanting in a large container. Next, water the soil when dry and place plant stakes in a container for vines to grip up. Finally, harvest the tomato when attaining the proper red color.

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Some Tomato companion plants

Companion plants can help the plants that enrich each other’s growth or protect from pests are mutually beneficial. Some companion plants are bean, asparagus, amaranth, celery, cucumber, lemon balm, garlic, sage, lettuce, marigold, nasturtium, mint, squash, cosmos, carrots, calendula, and onion. All these companion plants can be planted with the tomato plant.

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Types of Tomato plants

Green beefsteak Tomato
Red beefsteak Tomato
Campari Tomato
Cocktail Tomatoes
Pear Tomato
Plum Tomato
Roma Tomato
San Marzan
Tomato Gold Medal (heirloom tomato)

Cherry Tomato plant

Cherry tomato plant varieties are easiest to grow in a pot; if you grow only one plant, it will bear a stable crop of bite-size fruits all season. Cherry tomatoes comprise vitamins A, C, and E, rich in potassium.

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Tomato Growing Tips

Do’s
  • Pruning
  • More sunlight
  • Grumble the soil
  • Adequate water
  • Bury stems
  • Staking
  • Repotting
  • Mulching
Don’ts
  • Overwatering
  • Gathering of seedlings
  • Extra Epsom salt
  • Water from above
  • Over-fertilize
  • Flower seedlings for new plant
  • Not providing support
  • Over-pruning
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Tomato plant problems

Problems that occur in the growth and development of tomato plants from vegetative to the developmental stages are mentioned below;

Watering above can endorse fungal diseases
Shortage of air movement around plants
Too much irrigation level
Water scarcity
Use unglazed pots
Low sunlight affects
Use short stake as support of the vines

A stake is used to support the tomato vines and fruit set. A stake is a wood or metal stand that helps fruits grow on vines to avoid hanging and bursting.

Some varieties of tomatoes are the length that needs cages or stakes for fruit setting and vines. If you want to grow, those varieties must be grown in large containers for them cages (homemade or you can also buy from any store) are required. Dwarf (or patio) tomatoes that don’t need staking are cherry or baby tomatoes.

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Tomato plant diseases

Some most common tomato diseases are

  • Early blight (leaves, fruit)
  • Fusarium wilt ( yellowing and browning of foliage)
  • Late blight
  • Verticillium wilt
  • Southern bacterial wilt
  • Septoria leaf spot
  • Root rot
  • Bacterial canker
  • Leaf mold
  • Bacterial speck
  • Alternaria canker
  • Blossom end rot is an abiotic or physiological disease caused by drought, freezing, or other stresses. It’s developed near the blossom end of the tomato, identified as brown and leathery rot. To treat this, you have to cut off the affected area.
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Tomato plant spacing

Tomato entails amply of room to grow healthy. When raised in beds should have to be planted 18-24 inch spacing because of its deep roots and length of the stem.

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When to plant tomato

The plantation time of tomato plants is in late spring and early summer, excluding zone 10 (where they are a fall and winter crop). Specific month for plantation is late March-early-April if you want to plant outside. However, if you will grow your plants in a greenhouse, you should start from late February- mid-March.

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Tomato plant care

Tomato plant needs hours of sunlight for fruit production; 6-8 hours the sun is required for the plant. It needs fertile soil, sunny and sheltered spot water regularly, and feeds weekly when the plant reached on flowering stage. The garden tomato plant requires 1-2 inches of irrigation weekly; the pot tomato plant needs normal water and a properly draining system.

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Pruning tomato plants

When the tomato plant gets about 30-60cm, you start pruning them, branches coming out from the main stem (small suckers). Take a sharp and clean pruner and snip the branches off.

Tomato fruit pruning starts when leaves begin to yellow. First, pinch the leaves to avoid diseases.

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Baby tomato plant

Grape tomatoes, shaped like grapes oblong, thick skin, less watery, the flesh is meatier, half size of cherry tomatoes but aren’t sweet as them. Baby tomato plants are mini tomatoes, also known as micro tomatoes, are compact. The dwarf cultivar of tomatoes, all plant parts like stem, fruit, and leaves, are smaller than the typical tomato plant.

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Tomato plant fertilizer

Best fertilizers for tomatoes have a balanced ratio of nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium 8-8-8. If the soil has high nitrogen levels, then mix accordingly to maintain balance. Organic fertilizer also helps grow: coffee, banana peel, eggshells, Epsom salt, and tea.

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Tomato plant flowers

Tomatoes are self-pollinated, having both male and female parts on the same plant. These tomatoes are open-pollinated, which means that they pollinate the plant naturally through wind, birds, insects, etc., known as Heirloom Tomatoes. Pollination occurs on the same plant at the flowering stage, and each flower has male and female parts (stamens and pistils). So for growing tomatoes at home, you need only one seedling for the growth and development of tomato fruit.

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How to grow a Tomato plant?

Suppose you want to plant tomato seeds in a small pot at home. First, you have to take a pot put soil as recommended for tomato plant well-drained, loam, and sandy loam soil. Next, select the desired cultivar that will grow better in the climate you are living in. Next, net take a tomato, put two-three seeds, and place them in a container filled with soil. Cover the seeds with about 1/4 inches of soil, and rinse (dribble a mist of water) the pot to mix roots and soil.

                                                       Tomato Planting
ProblemsRemedies
Fusarium wiltTreated after applying fungicidal spay
Over pruningDon’t over-prune
HornwormsCompanion plants, inter-planting (dill or basil) kills
Blossom endDon’t overwater, at least 2 inches per week
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The harvesting time of the tomato plant

Harvesting time should be before ripening and when tomato fruit attains the proper size, usually late summer season, early morning. Many commercial tomatoes are picked before they are completely ripe. Please pick them up before the sun dries them and enjoy your garden tomatoes at their crunchiest and sweetest.

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Major Uses of Tomatos

Tomato is used for preventing
Cancer of the breast
Cancer of bladder
Cancer of cervix
Cancer of colon
Cancer of rectum
Cancer of stomach
Cancer of lung
Cancer of ovaries
Cancer of pancreas
Diabetes
Cardiovascular diseases (heart diseases)
Cataracts (eye diseases)
Asthma
Tomato can also be used to make
Tomato jam
Tomato ketchup
Tomato soup

Tomato sauce: Boil the tomato, peel them, chop and let them simmer for some time, add some condiments, and enjoy it with rice or bread.

Eating green tomatoes is poisonous for health if consumed in the maximum amount. This is because green tomatoes contain alkaloid solanine.

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Conclusion

Tomato plants are easy to grow through seeds and cuttings. Still, proper care and maintenance are needed for the growth and development of the plant. You have to grow inside, outdoor in raised beds, and harvesting the organic fruit when needed. Tomatoes are very beneficial for healthy skin and all internal organs.

  • We can make many delicious recipes from tomatoes and enjoy the food.
  • You can use tomato with sugar powder for shiny and glowing skin.
  • Tomato can remove skin tan from hands and feet also.

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