It’s a fact that the majority of the population is interested in growing their food. A lot of people enjoy growing their vegetables and fruits, and they’re always looking for new ways to grow something at home. This post will teach you how to grow a lemon tree from a seed or cutting.
A lemon tree is a popular and beautiful plant that is widely grown and used in the kitchen. It is easy to grow from seed or cuttings. The lemon tree is a member of the citrus family and is related to the mandarin orange, citron, and pomelo. This post describes how to grow a lemon tree from a seed or cutting.
You can grow a lemon tree from seed as well as stem cutting at your home easily.
How to Grow a Lemon Tree from a Seed or Cuttings?
There are some quite effortless ways to grow lemon trees in your home garden with insufficient care and maintenance. You can grow a lemon tree in your garden and get freshly grown lemons from organic lemon trees. Lemon can be propagated by seeds as well as cuttings. Let’s discuss both ways in detail with their pros and cons.
Overview of the Lemon plant
Common Names Lemon
Technical Name Citrus limon
Native South Asia
Plantation Season July-August
Harvesting Condition Yellow or yellow-green
Climate Tropical and sub-tropical
Irrigation Once a week
Harvesting Season Winter to early summer
Storage For 2-3 weeks
Crop Type Both Self and Cross pollinated
Varieties of lemon plant
The flavor of lemon fruit
The Meyer and Eureka are the best varieties, very juicy, sweet, and thin-skinned that produce fruit year-round. Most types of lemon are available. Some are bitter, sour, and harsh in taste and can enhance the flavor of food.
How to Grow Lemon Tree from Seed?
First of all, you have to look at your climate late spring and early summer favorable for lemon growth, then decide the variety you want to grow.
- Let’s decide the cultivar you want to grow in your garden according to your favorable climatic condition for the plant. We’ll take the Meyer variety to grow because it’s good in taste and starts fruiting just after two to three years of propagation.
- First of all, you must take the soil in a pot that must be pasteurized (without any harmful insects or pests) that will be half peat moss and half perlite /sand.
- Now select the juicy, fresh, and mature variety and put out the seeds from it carefully.
- Put the seeds directly in the soil after taking them off from the lemon.
- Note that you have to sow the seed at about a 1inch depth of 2.54cm in the soil. The next step is to rinse the pot with a sprinkling to avoid seed dislocation.
- Now, the last step is to cover the pot with plastic wrap for sustaining water preservation.
Tips for Growing a Lemon Tree
- Don’t overwater the soil to prevent sogginess. Put the pot at a temperature of about 70degrees.
- Generally, seeds start germinating two weeks after sowing.
- After some outgrowth of shoot and root, take the pot in sunlight. Transplant the plant in a large container of about 4- 6 inches and fertilize with potassium.
- The newly propagated seedling should be provided with at least four hours of sunlight, not more.
- After 2-3 years of seed propagation and a height of about 20 feet tall tree starts fruiting
- Regular pruning should be required when planting indoors at nearly 10-12 feet, and the new outgrowth of the plant should be done just after harvesting.
- Harvesting lemon fruit is easy to pluck the lemon fruit with a hand or with a shear or sharp knife.
- In winters, put your lemon pot or a tree outside to take four hours of regular sunlight.
The same processes, including climate, soil requirement, irrigation system, fertilizer, planting distance, potting media, and proper care, should be assured to get the lemon tree from cuttings.
- Easy to germinate
- Develops a Good root system
- Takes more time to bear fruit
- Chances of poor fruiting
How to Grow Lemon Trees from Cuttings?
If you want to get lemon fruit from your plants in the next year of the plantation, then you’d love the propagation through cuttings. It also gives more identical plants to the parent plant. Here’s how you can grow a lemon tree from cuttings:
- Just choose the cultivar that you need to grow in your home garden. Take the cutting from the parent plant with the help of a knife or a sharp shear/pruner.
- Take the cutting at the angle of about 90 degrees near the node area (2-3 nodes), put the cutting inside the soil to about 15cm inches.
- Irrigate it with a sprinkler just after sowing the cuttings in a pot and place it indoors.
- The temperature should be 70degrees, not more or less than it.
- After a new outgrowth shoot and root development, transplant it into a garden for proper growth and nutrient uptake.
- The planting system should be square, and the distance should be 50×50×50 in your garden.
How to Care for a Lemon Tree?
A lemon tree is a beautiful addition to any garden, and it’s a great way to add some much-needed overwater color and fragrance to your home. If you’ve ever owned a lemon tree, you know how difficult it can be to keep it healthy and thriving. It’s not just the leaves that need to be tended to. Moreover, the roots must also be watered and fertilized regularly.
Usually, it’s important to keep your lemon tree well-watered to ensure that it stays healthy and strong. However, it’s equally important to not overwater your lemon tree. This can lead to root rot and even death. Here are some tips to help you care for your lemon tree so that it lives for many years to come:
Usually, lemon is mainly a subtropical plant grown in humid, dry atmospheres and is self-pollinated (needs no other tree for pollination). The feasible time to sow lemon through seeds or cut is the rainy season or monsoon time (July and August) for better growth.
Usually, soil requirements for lemon propagation are the clay, sandy clay deep, and infertile with a pH level of between 5.5 -7. Moreover, the water level should not be too wet or dry while planting.
Usually, lemon plants need fertilizers that contain potassium, nitrogen, and some organic fertilizers. Moreover, you may use some organic fertilizers to improve the growth of your lemon plants. Some of them are banana peel, manures, coffee beans, tree leaves, kitchen scraps, eggshells, and some citrus fertilizers having nitrogen with the ratio of 8:8:8.
Disease and insect pests
Usually, there are the following diseases and insect pests that affect lemon trees.
- Leaf minor plant
- Parasitoid wasp
- Rust mites
- Ladybug can control the aphids.
So, after sowing seeds of lemon in pot water, it is an adequate amount during dry periods and let it grow gradually. Moreover, If you want to keep your lemon plant healthy and fresh, let the soil get wet 3 inches deep before watering. Usually, mature lemon trees required water every seven to fourteen days in a dry span.
To ensure that all the fruits are ripe and about to harvest, you need to look at the physical form. So, when lemon fruit’s color turns yellow-green or complete yellow, it attains proper size; usually 2-3 inches. Moreover, take the sharp knife or sickle and cut it from a tree cautiously to avoid bruises or damage.
Just after harvesting lemon fruit from the plant, you must save them from sunlight or heat and do proper grading, waxing, handling, storage at the appropriate place or in the refrigerator.
Nutritional Value of Lemon
Usually, a single lemon gives about 17 calories. A Lemon comprises various compounds, including minerals and essential oils that contain water, protein, calcium, iron, carbohydrates, sugar, vitamins, fiber, and a tiny amount of fat.
Some health benefits that we can get from eating a lemon. It is a good source of vitamin C, and it can prevent kidney stones and help to control weight. Moreover, it reduces the cancer risk, improves the digestive tract, and many others. Lemon also improves your skin, hair, and stain remover, cleaning and curing asthma, pneumonia, and arthritis. On the commercial level, we can use lemon to make detergents, soaps, and shampoos. Moreover, we can extract oil from lemon peel for making perfume.
It would be best if you needed to remember some things before selecting a variety to plant a new plant for your garden. Moreover, select the cultivar that should be fresh, diseased free, and belongs to the nursery not purchased from any grocery store. So, take good care while plant growth and development don’t overwater proper sunlight requirement and use some fertilizer. After harvesting, put them directly in a calm environment and prevent bumping, bruising, and squishing areas. Moreover, post-harvesting of lemon fruit by putting some oil in an airtight jar, and storing them for a long span in the refrigerator.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can you start a lemon tree from a cutting?
Yes, but it takes a lot of time before the plant has enough roots to survive on its own. You should plant it in a sunny location where it will get enough sun. Moreover, the more light the tree gets, the faster it will grow
Can you root a lemon tree cutting in water?
Yes, but it will take longer than cutting in soil. Moreover, you should do enough care and maintenance. Moreover, fill the water in a bowl or container and put cuttings in that water.
How long does it take for lemon cuttings to root?
Lemon cuttings will root in 3 to 6 weeks if they are kept in a cool place with good air circulation. Moreover, a lemon tree can take up to two years before it will produce fruit.
How deep do lemon tree roots grow?
A lemon tree has very deep roots, which means it is very hard to pull out. Usually, the roots of lemon trees stay in the top 24 inches of the soil. After some days, roots develop from the trunk spread horizontally in all directions.
Do lemon trees need a lot of suns?
Yes, they do. Because they are lemon trees, they need a lot of sunlight to grow properly. Moreover, the lemon tree also survives in little sunlight but it requires a lot of water to grow well.
How to grow in your home or in a pot?
There are two easy ways to grow lemon in your home garden: in a pot (seeds) and garden directly through cutting with proper care, temperature requirement, and irrigation system.