How To Grow Eggplants?

Introduction

Eggplant is a vegetable it is also known as brinjal. Growing Eggplant is one of the top ten vegetables found in the eastern hemisphere. China is the largest producer of eggplants; India is the second in growing Eggplant. Originally native to the Indian subcontinent. Eggplants are supplied throughout the world in different cuisines. Eggplant contains many nutrients; it is a nutrient-dense food, meaning they have a good amount of vitamin C, vitamin K, vitamin B6, thiamine, niacin, magnesium, phosphorous, copper, dietary fibre, folic acid, potassium, and manganese. Growing Eggplant helps you in improving digestion. Eggplants are filled with antioxidants to prevents various types of cancers. Help to improve the health of bones. Eggplant increases your energy, helps in proper brain functioning. Most importantly, it allows you to decrease your weight. Eggplant is well adapted to high temperatures and rainfall. Growing Eggplant is the best vegetable for the poor or when other vegetables are in short supply. Eggplant has many varieties depends on the area. Eggplant can be grown indoors and outdoors. You may make many delicious recipes for Eggplant.

Similarly, if you take Eggplant more or in daily consumption, they may cause many side effects. The Eggplant was affected by many diseases during its growing time. Moreover, eggplants are harvest and preserve.

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Growing eggplant

The wild form of the Eggplant is believed to be found in India. Eggplants are widely and extensively grown in southern China, Indonesia, Philippians. Perhaps, you can grow Eggplant if you have your greenhouse attached or a large sunroom and can afford the high electricity bill to compensate for artificial sunlight for growing eggplants. Eggplants are usually grown in the field or gardens by transplanting from outdoors. But in some areas where the season of eggplant growing is short, the Eggplant started in protected buds. About 8 to 10 weeks are required for Eggplant growing in a greenhouse for their transplanting process. In the greenhouse, the growing process is rapid interrupted things are the least which causes the stagnant plant. Woody hard eggplants transplanting has little value. The Eggplant is sensitive to cool weather, planted in spring weather. May prepare the Eggplant two weeks earlier if they are protected by protection cover. Eggplants can be grown in the home vegetable garden; you can grow them in pots. You can grow eggplants indoors when you feel cold in the garden outside. Pyramid garden is a new product using for vegetables including, Eggplant to grow. If you grow Eggplant inside, you can use two methods as aeroponics and hydrophobic. Thus, growing Eggplant is much easier. 

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How do eggplants grow?

Eggplants are not challenging to grow. Many people can grow Eggplant beautiful and huge. They are well growing in a home garden, containers, pots. Not everyone finds Eggplant easy to grow. You have either got perfect growing conditions or an eggplant purple thumb. I adore eggplants and try growing them every year. Eggplant growing starts with a high nitrogen soil mix. Keep it well, water (four times daily for fifteen minutes at a time which is probably more than it needs but, since the soil is quite porous, it never gets waterlogged). Give it lots of sun and heat. Eggplant is a Mediterranean vegetable so, it’s well adapted to hot, sunny conditions.

Another thing is to give your eggplant plenty of space. Don’tDon’t plant anything else any closer than 24 inches. To grow eggplants from cuttings, first, take your cutting from existing plants at the end of that growing season and start them indoors. Wait a couple of weeks after the last frost to ensure warm weather is on its way before moving them into the garden, as eggplants need warm soil to grow. Also, stake them once they start getting tall or fall over and break their stem and kill the plant. 

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 Eggplant growing stages

  • Seeds– first of all, sowing the seeds in warm soil with a depth of 1/4. Spacing the seeds with large-fruited at least 3 inches and dwarf fruited 2 inches. If you are planting the seeds in rows, then spacing them 3-4 feet (depending upon the size of the variety of the sources)
  • Seedlings– seeds germination time is 10 to 12 days. When the seeds germinate, the seedling reaches the growth of transplanting in six to ten weeks. Seedlings may develop 2- 4 leaves and then be ready enough to transplant. Don’tDon’t keep in cold temperature because cold temperature causes the death of the seedling. 
  • Adult plants- Eggplant mature in 70-120 days. Maturity depends on a variety of eggplants. When Eggplant is mature, they have the main stem and other branches out from the main stem. Some types of eggplant stem are hairy. 
  • Flowers – once the Eggplant is at their maturity, they develop purple star-shaped flowers. Each flower has both male and female organs. Flowers are self-pollinated. 
  • Fruits- the fruit is developing from the female part of the flower. It can be purple, white, and striped depending on the variety of Eggplant. 

Soil preparation

Following factors help to prepare the soil: 

  1. PH of the soil 
  2. moisture and drainage 
  3. The temperature of the soil 
  4. Nutrients 

For Eggplant must be a fertile combination of manure and commercial fertilizers and thoroughly prepared. Supply fertilizers to plant is a good source of soil enrichment. In Tropic areas, the Eggplant is grown in sandy soil, where it grows well. The pH of soils is 5.5 to 6.8 plants better grow in this PH. Clay soil results waterlogged it will cause many diseases. For soil preparation, a 5-8-7 mixture is good. Overall by spreading soil compost. You can give supplements in the soil for practice if you want to grow the Eggplant. Always check the result of the soil to what environment the Eggplant does best in acid, basics, or natural. Clean all the weeds from the ground and make them lose. If the soil is high in organic compost, the Eggplant will grow better. Prepare the soil with humus drainage before transplanting the Eggplant because Eggplant does not like boggy soils. Boggy soils cause fungal disease in the soil, at the time of transplantation from outdoors garden eggplant like the minimum temperature of the ground such as 65 degrees. Before transplanting of Eggplant, cover that soil with black plastic to make the soil warm.

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Growing eggplants in containers/pots

Eggplant is a great vegetable and can be grown anywhere. Eggplant will very well succeed in containers/pots. For eggplants, there few things that you must know for a successful harvest. The first thing is pot size eggplant grow big; they need a big pot. Use at least 16 inches wide pot for them. For planting them first, sow their seeds separately in a seeding tray, and when saplings are 25 days old, you can transfer them to your desired pot. You can plant them outdoors when the frost season is over. After that, you can grow them all summer. Eggplant is a hardy plant and can handle a lot of heat. But if it gets too hot, cover them with the green sheet. As for water, water them when the soil starts to turn dry from earlier water. They are drought-tolerant, but regular water will ensure their good growth. Eggplant can’t be grown in shady they need plenty of sunlight for good development. In the good bright direct sunlight, they grow fast and healthy. Their flowers are self-pollinating, and they don’t need insects for pollination. As for fruit, you have to grow it in a bigger pot now. As the fruit starts to develop on any branch, it tends to get heavy due to fruit weight. Due to this, if the wind comes, there are chances of breaking that branch. Always use containers in black color because they are good absorbers of heat. 

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Eggplant growing tips

To get the best-tasting eggplants. Here are some tips: 

  • Choosing the variety: There are many varieties of growing Eggplant. In all types of eggplants, their care tips are standard. If you want the best-tasting variety for growing, you have experience in selection. 
  • Seed : Seed sowing eggplant grows best in warm conditions. The right time to plant seeds is when the soil temperature is 70- and 80- degrees Fahrenheit. 
  • Choosing containers: Use large size container at least 12 to 15 inches for growing eggplants. If you are growing them on a terrace, uses fabric grow bags. These fabrics bags follow the principles of air pruning which is so much beneficial. 
  • Potting soil mix: A well-drainage soil is essential for proper root growth. A simple mix formula is 40% garden soil, 4o% coco-peat, 20% compost like decomposed cow dung. 
  • Staking/support: Once the Eggplant begins to start growing, this is time to install stakes or supports to keep the plants falling over. 
  • Sunlight: Whether you are growing Eggplant for best results. Place them where plenty of sunlight falls. Also, please keep them in a spot where pollinator insects like butterflies are reaching. 
  • Watering: This is an essential factor. If you are watering correctly, this can result in fruit drop-off or low quality, small size fruits. 
  • Fertilizers: This is another essential tip if you won’twon’t have many flowers and healthy fruiting in growing Eggplant. During the growth of eggplant flowering and fruit formation, feed them elements. 
  •  Pest control: Eggplant is occasionally affected by pests like flea beetles, powdery mildew, and whiteflies best is prevention by spraying neem oil once in 15 days. 
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Growing eggplant from seeds

If you want to grow Eggplant from seeds, the first thing to do is sowing a good variety of sources. Either you are growing in containers or in-ground. You can plant the seed directly in-ground or in containers or seedling trays and then go for transplant. Sow the seeds in the soil at a depth of about 5 to 10mm. Pressed the sowing seeds to make them flat with your hand. Teed takes time to germinate in one to two weeks. Give daily water rand the time when the soil feels dry. Avoid overwatering the seeds; it may cause fungal diseases. When you supply water, make sure to give deep and through so that water reaches to roots. Protect the source from excessive moisture and drying. Few weeks after germination, leaves starting to grow. 

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Eggplant growing guide

when you are growing eggplants, some guidance is needed are: 

  • soil required: starting mix 40% to 50% compost like vermicompost
  • Use good quality plastic pot, clay pot, or cement pot. At the bottom of the pot, make a hole for drainage. 
  • A good absorber of heat. 
  • If you are a vegetarian, add organic rock phosphate. 
  • Two organic fertilizers make roots stronger. Plant grow healthy. 
  • Support the growing Eggplant as they loaded up with fruits. 
  • You can also tie strings to support when Eggplant grow 
  • Harvest eggplant on time. 
  • The best thing about eggplants fruits, they are used even it is small. 
  • Eggplant is affected by many pests, mix neem oil and water and spray them once a week.
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Best eggplant variety to grow

There are many varieties of Eggplant like the fairy tale, white Eggplant, Indian Eggplant, American Eggplant, green Eggplant, Japanese Eggplant, Italian, and many more. Some varieties of Eggplant are disease resistant. Another resistance is the importance of the color, size, taste, and shape of the fruit. 

Fairy tale

The fairy tale variety of Eggplant is white with purple strips on it. Fairy tales are sweet and, they contain few seeds. 

White eggplant

The variety of white Eggplant is few. It is familiar due to its stark white skin. But inside, they are similar to other eggplants. All eggplants are white when they grow but, after maturation, they change their color according to their variety. 

Indian eggplant

Indian eggplants are dark reddish-purple. They are small round-shaped resemble grapes, cherries, is also called a baby eggplant. 

American eggplant

Use it to what you eat. They are easy to find in supermarkets. Their color is deep purple. 

Green eggplant

Green Eggplant is pale-green and, their texture is creamy when they are cooking. 

Japanese eggplant

They are calendars, long in shape, with deep purple. It is sweet. Japanese Eggplant is easy to cook.

Italian eggplant

They are small and sweet. Everyone uses it anywhere. 

Read more about How to grow Eggplant
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Best way to grow eggplant seeds

The best way to grow eggplant seeds, whether in gardens or containers, we use the best fertilize soil. Cinder can be mix with the soil cinder makes the soil lite. Bonsai soil is a must; bonsai the soil will make the water drainage easy. Select the best variety of eggplants seeds and sowing them in the soil. Selecting a suitable type of eggplant seeds will build a better plant. Sow the eggplant seed at least ¼ inches deep while sowing space them 4 inches apart. Press the seeds very gently. These eggplant seeds are cover with regular soil along with fertilized soil. Now pour the water with the shower spray.

Eggplant grow on vines

Eggplant comes in different sizes depending on their varieties. Like another plant, Eggplant also needs support. When Eggplant gets enough light and drainage, they become long. Fruits of Eggplant are heavy in size. They need support. Otherwise, their weight is on the branches, and the component lowers; there is the chance of breaking that branch. It would be best if you supported the Eggplant when the Eggplant is small. Place the supporting stake nearby plant, use any support like garden twine, pantyhose looped, laces. Change stake when it grows. Stake eggplant fruits when they are touching the ground. Due to this fruit’sfruit’s shape is maintain and prevent from disease. Staking Eggplant is easy to harvest. If you grow Eggplant in pots, you can arrange a cage or another mechanism to support the bigger pot. 

Eggplant feeding

If you want to have many flowers and healthy fruit in eggplants, feed them as needed. For eggplants, supply them with recommended fertilizers, gives in every one or two weeks. During flowering and fruit formation, if you do not feed them healthy nutrients. They will not produce fruit as well as start falling of flowers. You can make a cocktail of organic fertilizer, mixing all fertilizers and calculate nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus. Eggplant adapted to warm weather so, keep them in full sunlight and heat. For stronger roots, use the soil mix formula. A good compost gives the most essential macro and micronutrients. Since the crop occupies the soil, it is necessary to keep feeder them with ample nutrients. Spray weekly once or twice until all pests are diminished. Five to 10ml neem oil mix in water and spray them. 

Eggplant caring

When you plant a new eggplant, it defiantly needs care for its better growth. The young eggplants are spray, approved chemicals to prevent themselves from fungus and other insects. Some sprays are not used before the occurring problem. And it also depends on the country to the country their laws didn’t allow them to use any pesticides, use of local authorities without consultation. Weed is also creating a problem for eggplant roots cultivate them when you found them along with the plant. Approved herbicides are often used to weed control eggplant. The use of additional fertilizers can affect the Eggplant. Give favorable condition to Eggplant. Eggplant planting is maintained to become economically strong. Keep them away from the shady areas, place eggplant where plenty of sunlight. Cultivate them soon when planting them in the garden, and continue cultivating for ten days at intervals. Take care of eggplant foliage; don’t cultivate when they wet. Eggplants are warm-weather lovers who protect them cold. They need well-drained soil. 

Eggplant spacing

Eggplant needs a good environmental condition for growth. Planting time ensures that plant with spacing. If you do not give them space, they will destroy and not grow because they need ample space for their roots. They also need plenty of sunlight. Planting them in the garden requires at least 18 and 36 inches apart, in rows 30 to 36 inches.  

Eggplant harvesting and preservation

Eggplant is a warm-weather vegetable harvested in mid to late summer when the plant is one-third grown. Or continue until the fruit developed. You can harvest Eggplant at any time after they have reached full size. Harvest eggplant when they are firm and large enough to eat. But taking them from the plant before seeds begin to harden. When fruit and stem are heavy, harvest by cutting the stem with a knife, take care of branches while cutting the stem. For harvesting fruit of pot-grown Eggplant don’t wait for too long as they won’t grow too big. Instead, they will turn hard inside if you wait too long. So harvest them when round ones are 5 inches in diameter. They need to harvest about 16 to 24 weeks after planting. Mature Eggplant is preserved month or two months in the house. Would you please put them in the Lightroom and keep maintain the temperature below freezing?

Eggplant recipes

Eggplant is the best vegetable to eat. Everyone cook at their homes, restaurants. There are many different delicious recipes you can try. 

Baigan ka bharta

It is the most common dish which everyone must have tasted once in their life. Aubergine mush (made from roasted Eggplant) with fresh green peas pan fry with homemade ghee garnished with freshly chopped green chillies and tint of lemon juice. Tomato and onions are also added. 

Hunkar begendi

It is an Ottoman Turkish dish that combines a smoked eggplant puree with cheese and serves it under a bed of braised lamb.  

Begun

Sliced Eggplant dipped in chickpea flour. It is an evening snack or appetizer served with puffed rice, delicious and soft inside. 

Slices sprinkled  

Cut the Eggplant into slices. Mix the red chilli, salt, pepper oregano, make it spice, and deep-fried them. 

Eggplant rollatini 

slice eggplant into thin slices. Bowl the eggs, add salt, pepper oregano, garlic powder, and parmesan cheese. Whip them good. Put your eggplant slices in whipped eggs and put in bread crumbs. Deep fry them. 

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Eggplant problems disease remedies

Eggplants are free in Tropic areas, but like other plants, Eggplant also faces many problems, including diseases. Some most common conditions of Eggplant are: 

Powdery mildew

In eggplants, many powdery mildew organisms occur. It is reporting that this disease is common in green-house eggplant seedlings. They appear on the upper side of the leave and left yellow spots.

Remedy: this powdery mildew is controlled by sulfur dust and sprays. 

Fusarium wilt

Fusarium wilt of Eggplant occur in the part of Europe and Asia. Wilt attacks the small veins of the leaves while the central veins remain green. Leaves turn yellow, wilt, and die. 

Remedy: spray and maintain temperature. 

Root-knot nematodes

Affect the eggplant’s root galls.

Remedy: soil treatment, resistant varieties. 

Aphids

Excellent  spots beneath the leaf. 

Remedy: malathion 

Fruit border

They damage the fruit and shoot. 

Remedy: remove the affected parts, heat treatment.

Fruit rot and wilt are two severe diseases of Eggplant. Fruit rot leaves lesions on the lower part of the stem, which may cause the whole leaf to turn brown. This disease occurs in winters. To control the fruit rot, use clean seed and spray weekly. Wilt is common in cooler regions. It is not carried by the seed but seems to persist in the soil. Wilt decrease the productivity of the Eggplant, plant becomes stunting, result in the death of the Eggplant. 

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Conclusion

Hence, anyone can grow eggplants. Eggplants are sensitive to cool weather. It is a subtropical plant that requires a long growing season warm weather to produce yield fruit. Eggplant is a medium plant. It grows more than two million productions. They are grown in the eastern hemisphere, the largest in China, India, Bengal, Indonesia. Eggplant has many varieties; they are grown in many different colors, shapes taste according to their type. Eggplants are self-pollinated. Eggplant contains many nutrients, for example, vitamins, iron, potassium.

Eggplant can grow in the garden, in containers/pots. Eggplants need support when they grow. They need fertilizers for good health. Soil composition is most important, and we can use some garden soil, dry and granular soil, and cow manure. We can spread mustered cake over fertilizer. Growing Eggplant is easy, but not always. You made many recipes as your choice eggplants make any food delicious. They harvested at the time, and we can also preserve it in lightrooms. e Eggplants are affected by many pests and insects, diseases caused by a fungus, bacterial, virus, which result in damage of eggplant leaves, stem, roots, and shoots. They can solve or reduce disease in many ways like spray, temperature. The world vegetable centre developed and promoted a strategy for the management of eggplant fruits and shoots.

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