The easiest ways to grow a lemon tree from seeds and cuttings.

The amusing color and excellent food superiority of this fruit attract people and birds. Lemon fruit belongs to the Rutaceae family and is a vital fruit. It has various qualities utmost remedial features enough vitamin C. The fruit is used to treat the common cold, flu ringing in the ears, kidney stones, and scurvy.

Consuming lemon sustains a healthy complexion, enhances the immune system, cancer anticipation, and lowers stroke risks.

Eating one lemon per day helps you reduce weight, extra fat, and a fresh appearance. It can prevent asthma and increase iron in the body.

There are some most effortless ways to grow lemon trees in your home garden with insufficient care and maintenance. You can get freshly grown lemons from organic lemon trees after propagation, either from seeds or cuttings.

Overview of the Lemon plant

Common Names                     Lemon

Technical Name                       Citrus limon

Family                                        Rutaceae                                     

Native                                         South Asia

Plantation Season                   July-August                                

Harvesting Condition              Yellow or yellow-green     

Climate                                       Tropical and sub-tropical

Irrigation                                     Once a week

Harvesting Season                   Winter to early summer

Storage                                        For 2-3 weeks

Crop Type                                   Both Self and Cross pollinated

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Nutrients in lemon

Single lemon gives about 17 calories. A Lemon comprises various compounds, including minerals and essential oils that contain water, protein, calcium, iron, carbohydrates, sugar, vitamins, fiber, and a tiny amount of fat.

Some health benefits that we can get from eating a lemon. It is a good source of vitamin C, and it can prevent kidney stones and helps to control weight. It reduces the cancer risk, improves the digestive tract, and many others. It also improves your skin, hair, and stain remover, cleaning and curing asthma, pneumonia, and arthritis. On the commercial level, we can use lemon to make detergents, soaps, and shampoos. We can extract oil from lemon peel for making perfume.

Lemon and its juice have anticancer, antimicrobial, and aromatherapy characteristics. It has a Diuretic effect, treat acne, bleaching agent, and anti-migraine.

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Climate

 Lemon is mainly a subtropical plant and grown in humid, dry atmospheres and self-pollinated (need no other tree for pollination). The feasible time to sow lemon through seeds or cut is the rainy season or monsoon time (July and August) for better growth.

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Soil preparation

Soil requirements for lemon propagation are the clay, sandy clay deep, and infertile with a pH level of between 5.5 -7. The water level should not be too wet or dry while planting.

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Varieties of lemon plant

  • Kaghzi
  • Desi
  • China
  • Eureka
  • Meyer
  • Lisbon
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The flavor of lemon fruit

The Meyer and Eureka are the best varieties, very juicy, sweet, and thin-skinned that produce fruit year-round. Most of the types of lemon are available. Some are bitter, sour, and harsh in taste and can enhance the flavor of food.

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Propagation method

Lemon plants propagate through both two methods, either cutting or seeds. Lemon trees grow from 10-20 feet tall in a square system with a space of 58m also depend on the cultivar and rootstock. Rough lemon rose better from seeds, “Meyer,” produced from cuttings in the nursery, starts fruiting just after two to three years.

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Fertilizer requirement

Lemon plants need fertilizers that contain potassium, nitrogen, and some organic fertilizers. You may use some organic fertilizers to improve the growth of your lemon plants. Some of them are banana peel, manures, coffee beans, tree leaf, kitchen scraps, eggshells, and some citrus fertilizers having nitrogen with the ratio of 8:8:8.

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Disease and insect pests

  • Leaf minor plant
  • Parasitoid wasp
  • Aphids
  • Rust mites
  • Ladybug can control the aphids.
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Water requirement

After sowing seeds of lemon in pot water, it is an adequate amount during dry periods and let it grow gradually. If you want to keep your lemon plant healthy and fresh, let the soil get wet 3 inches deep before watering. Mature lemon trees required water every seven to fourteen days in a dry span.

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Harvesting 

To ensure that all the fruits are ripe and about to harvest, you need to look at the physical form. When lemon fruit’s color turns yellow-green or complete yellow, it attains proper size; usually 2-3 inches. Take the sharp knife or sickle and cut it from a tree cautiously to avoid bruises or damage.

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Post harvesting

Just after harvesting lemon fruit from the plant, you must save them from sunlight or heat and do proper grading, waxing, handling, storage at the appropriate place or in the refrigerator.

If you want your lemon fruit to stay fresh for a long spell, you have to set them in an air-tight jar with a tablespoon of oil in it and store them in the refrigerator for more than a week.

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How to grow in your home or a pot?

There are two easy ways to grow lemon at your home garden: in a pot (seeds) and garden directly through cutting with proper care, temperature requirement, and irrigation system.

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Easiest ways to grow through seeds.

First of all, you have to look at your climate late spring and early summer favorable for lemon growth, then decide the variety you want to grow.

Let’s decide the cultivar you want to grow in your garden and according to your favorable climatic condition for the plant. We’ll take the Meyer variety to grow because it’s good in taste and starts fruiting just after two to three years of propagation.

First of all, you must take the soil in a pot that must be pasteurized (without any harmful insects or pests) that will be half peat moss and half perlite /sand.

Now select the juicy, fresh, and mature variety and put out the seeds from it carefully.

Put the seeds directly in the soil after taking them off from the lemon.

Note that you have to sow the seed about 1inch depth 2.54cm in the soil. The next step is to rinse the pot with a sprinkling to avoid seed dislocation.

Now, the last step is to cover the pot with plastic wrap for sustaining water preservation.

Don’t overwater the soil to prevent sogginess. Put the pot at a temperature of about 70degrees.

Generally, seeds start germinating two weeks after sowing.

After some outgrowth of shoot and root, take the pot in sunlight. Transplant the plant in a large container of about 4- 6 inches and fertilize with potassium.

The newly propagated seedling should be provided with at least four hours of sunlight, not more.

After 2-3 years of seed propagation and a height of about 20 feet tall tree starts fruiting

Regular pruning should be required when planting indoor at nearly 10-12 feet, and the new outgrowth of the plant should be done just after harvesting.

Harvesting lemon fruit is easy to pluck the lemon fruit with hand or with the shear or sharp knife.

In winters, put your lemon pot or tree outside to take four hours of regular sunlight.

The same processes, including climate, soil requirement, irrigation system, fertilizer, planting distance, potting media, and proper care, should be assured to get the lemon tree from cuttings.

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Propagation through cuttings

Just choose the cultivar that you need to grow in your home garden. Take the cutting from the parent plant with the help of a knife or a sharp shear/pruner. 

Take the cutting at the angle of about 90 degrees near the node area (2-3 nodes), put cutting inside the soil to about 15cm inches.

 Irrigate it with a sprinkler just after sowing the cuttings in a pot and place it indoors.

The temperature should be 70degrees, not more or less than it.

After new outgrowth shoot and root development, transplant it in a garden for proper growth and nutrient uptake.

The planting system should be square, and the distance should be 50×50×50 in your garden.

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Conclusion

It would be best if you needed to remember some things before selecting a variety to plant a new plant for your garden. Select the cultivar that should be fresh, diseased free, and belongs to the nursery not purchased from any grocery store. Take good care while plant growth and development don’t overwater proper sunlight requirement and use some fertilizer. After harvesting, put them directly in a calm environment and prevent bumping, bruising, and squishing areas. Post harvesting of lemon fruit through putting some oil in an airtight jar, and store them for a long span in the refrigerator.

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