Best Hydroponic System for Beginners
Hydroponic is the preparation of growing plants using only water, nutrients, and a developing medium. Hydroponics comes from the roots “hydro”, meaning water, and “ponos”, meaning work; in this method, propagation does not entail the soil. For hydroponic plants, gardeners use an emergent medium like coconut coir, vermiculite, perlite, and more.
What is Hydroponic Farming System?
Hydroponic is a type of horticulture and a subdivision of hydro-culture that includes developing foliage usually crops like (olericulture, floriculture, and pomology) without adding soil but by using organic nutrients.
In this system, crops are created straight in nutrient-rich, oxygenated water avoiding the ground, solution for plants production considered oxygen soaking by an air inflates united with porous stones. This system is called a hydroponic farming system, in which plants grow much faster due to the high amount of oxygen that the roots take.
Types of hydroponic systems
- Wick Hydroponic Systems
- Deep Water Culture (DWC) System
- Ebb and Flow ( Flow and Drain) System
- Aeroponics System
- Drip Hydroponic Systems
The aeroponic technique is the most high-tech type of hydroponic gardening in which plants grow in the air, and with the misting of water, just no soil is needed, even no standing water is required in this technique. In this system, the developing medium is mainly air, roots hang in the air and are misted up with the nutrient solution, and roots will dry out quickly if the misting cycles are disturbed.
How does Hydroponic Technique work?
There are different types of hydroponic systems and techniques for the growth and development of hydroponic plants and various crops. The best approach is (DWC), in which the foliage cultivate with roots sunken straight in nutrient-filled water. Suppose you use the DWC technique in your home garden. Then you need enormous, opaque storing buckets. But for marketable growers, they consume rafts that hover on a maximum amount of water; that can do effort like a conveyor belt with fresh plants added on one way, they will transport until it becomes prepared for harvesting at the other sideways.
Advantages of Hydroponic Farming System
- No need for mulching, tilling, changing of soil, and weeding
- You’ll use twenty% less space for growing
- The environment for plants should be sterile, having no pesticides
- Harvesting is easier
- You can grow indoor easily
- The water can be used again, conserve water
Disadvantages of Hydroponic Farming System
- A hydroponic system isn’t cheap
- Technical expertise required for the hydroponic system
- Regular checking is needed
- Production is low as compared to soil
- Microorganisms attach easily
What do you need for Hydroponic Farming System?
- Root support
Why grow plants without soil?
Hydroponics allows us to grow anywhere, any time of the year, and the main thing skipping soil for the growth and development of plants. Another benefit of skipping soil is that earth is heavy, but water is not so we can grow hydroponic plants anywhere on the rooftop, in our kitchen, like mint and coriander for daily use. You can grow daily vegetables on your rooftop area after using all techniques properly, like a green net to avoid extra heat and sunlight, fertigation, and all required nutrients for growth.
Hydroponic on rooftop
Most people do hydroponics on the rooftop for organic vegetable gardening, and some people arranged a beautiful garden on a rooftop with no place on their grounds or backyard. You can tell those plant lovers who can find the way and place by themselves to meet their necessities and desires of planation and profit from home gardening.
Hydroponic organic vegetables
Natural vegetables using only organic fertilizers, home care, a sterile environment, and proper care and management at the home garden are called organic vegetables. You can enjoy fresh and crispy anytime you want. You can grow your hydroponic organic vegetable wherever you want. Some vegetables that you can quickly grow in your kitchen area near the window to get fresh air and sunlight are given below;
- Garlic chives
- Spring onions
We can grow all these herbs quickly in water indoors in our kitchen with regular nutrient addition, proper sunlight, air, and a sterile environment for crunchy, crispy, and fresh food at home.
- Hydroponic houseplants
- Money tree
- Peace lily
- Spider plant
- English ivy
- Lucky bamboo
- Wandering Jew
- Chinese evergreen
The easiest way to create deep water culture hydroponic system at your home
- Storage container
- Disposable tubs
- Air inflate with air stone
- Firm water liquefied nutrients (A and B)
- pH level should be down
- pH meter for measuring
- Determining glass
- Hole saw with bower
- Borer for drilling
- First, you have to find a suitable container for the system, and buckets work better the more profound the water reservoir. pH and nutrient concentration should be stable, top up the water more regularly and use the deeper container for growing leafy greens.
- Drill holes into the container’s lid for roots to rise through; plants will grow in net vessels with adequate holes for roots to develop.
- Assemble your air pump outside the reservoir, ensure that the pump doesn’t suck water back up, and preserve the pump beyond the water level. Fix the air stone and check the valve with the extent of the plumbing and also check the valve to the air pump in a similar way.
- Fill the tank, surge nutrients and normalize the pH level from 6.5-7.5. Most vegetables and herbs need a slight acidic nutrient solution. Wear gloves while controlling pH down and evoke to mix the liquid properly after application.
- Adding a plant is simple. You can use Rockwool plugs or hydroton clay pellets. Accumulate the process, first put the air inflate and place air pebble in the reservoir, closure on top, all done.
Hydroponic plant care
- Keep an eye on the pH level must be maintained every time
- Sanitize the tank and exchange it with garden-fresh water after each 14-21 days.
- Ensure the water level does not fall too much. Water has adequate interaction with roots, so they should raise fine.
- If there is no way of propagating young seedlings, scatter the seeds to sprout in the system.
If you are doing hydroponic technique the first time, try the DWC system because it needs little maintenance and cares just sufficient light, indoors and outdoors. You can make a hydroponic system from simple things at home, an old storage container or bucket, make holes, or put a lid with holes and a polystyrene packaging sheet for plants to grow.